Australia VTL: My experience with the Sydney arrivals process & testing

Travelling from Singapore to Sydney is a surprisingly frictionless process, even post-COVID.

With the launch of the Australia VTL, Singaporeans are among the first in the world to get quarantine-free access to Australia (well, at least ACT, NSW and VIC). 

While there’s a few hoops to jump through, the good news is that the process is relatively straightforward. In fact, compared to Korea, it’s a complete no-brainer. 

Here’s my experience arriving at Sydney Airport, and a couple of things you should take note of. 

🦘 Journey to the Hermit Kingdom

At Changi Airport

Business Class check-in counters, Changi Airport

During check-in at Changi Airport, you’ll be asked to present the following documents:

  • Australia Electronic Travel Authority (ETA)
    • This costs A$20, and can be done using the Australia ETA app (Android | iOS). You must use the app; the desktop version is currently not available
  • Australia Travel Declaration (ATD)
    • This is free of charge, and should be completed at least 72 hours before departure. It’s a fairly long document, and you’ll need to upload a copy of your vaccination certificate. After completion you’ll receive a QR code
  • Vaccination certificate
    • Use the one from Notarise as it has a machine-readable QR code plus your passport number
  • Negative PCR test result (PDT)
    • Sample must be taken within 3 days prior to departure

Physical copies are an added convenience, but they’re not required. 

I specifically asked whether APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) members needed an ETA, and was told yes (the check-in associate searched her terminal for a while before providing the answer, so I’m inclined to believe her). However, other people (see comments) have been told differently. I have emailed the same question to the Australian High Commission in Singapore, and will update this article when I hear back.

After that, you clear immigration as per normal, maybe visit the new SilverKris Lounge, clear security and board the plane. 

At the boarding gate, you’ll be given an Australia arrivals card to fill. 

Australia Arrivals Card
Australia Arrivals Card

This is fairly standard stuff, and the only thing you need handy is your address in Australia (just the hotel name is fine, they didn’t seem too bothered about the actual address). You can also provide your Singapore mobile number under contact details. 

On arrival at Sydney Airport

Sydney Airport

It almost feels unnecessary to write this section, given what a breeze the entire process was. I mean, I’d just come from Korea, where the arrivals process for Singapore travellers was a marathon two-hour affair, filled with endless queues, document checks and swabbing. 

In contrast, it took barely 10 minutes from the time I stepped off the plane till the time I got to the airport train station. Sure, international flights into Australia are at all-time lows, but that’s still incredible. 

What struck me the most was that I barely interacted with a single border or customs official. Singapore passport holders are eligible to use the automated clearance machines, which scan your passport and issue a ticket.

Automated clearance
Clearance ticket
Automated clearance gate

Once you’ve cleared immigration, you’ll collect your bag and clear customs. After my arrival card was collected, I was waved through customs screening.

Baggage claim

Then you exit to the public arrivals area. That’s it. It’s fundamentally no different from coming to Australia pre-COVID. 

Arrivals area

I kept thinking that someone would take us aside and say hey guys, you need to do a test within 24 hours; you need to do a test on/after Day 7 (note: since updated to Day 6). Nope. In fact, if you didn’t do your research, you might be totally oblivious of the requirement- the piece of paper they distributed on disembarkation made no mention of testing either.

Handout for arriving passengers
Handout for arriving passengers

Before you leave the airport, I strongly advise you to get an Australia SIM card with data and a local number. This will come in handy for checking in with the Service NSW app, as well as on-arrival testing (see below).

There’s certainly no shortage of options; in fact I’ve never seen an airport with so many SIM card shops in the arrivals area as Sydney. I counted no fewer than six booths- not all were open when I landed at 9.30 p.m, but there’s still plenty. 

SIM cards!
Even more SIM cards!
Still even more SIM cards!
Still yet even still more SIM cards!

On-arrival testing

Update: The requirement has been updated such that you must do one PCR test within 24 hours of arrival, as well as on or after Day 6.

Singaporeans travelling to NSW will need to undergo a COVID-19 PCR test within 24 hours of arrival, as well as on or after Day 7 (the arrival day is counted as Day 0). 

Until you receive a negative result from your day 7 test you must not go to any high-risk settings, such as aged care, disability care, healthcare, and correctional facilities. The good news is these tend not to be on most holiday itineraries. 

There’s no need to do your testing at the airport. Instead, you can take a free test at any designated clinic.

Update: There is a free testing centre at Sydney Airport near the express pick up area on the arrivals level, run by Histopath. No Australian number is required, results will be sent by email. Do not confuse this with the tent at the departures level, which offers paid pre-departure tests. Thanks @Kit Wong for the details

You can find the nearest COVID testing centre in NSW via the link below.

COVID-19 testing (NSW)

Appointments are generally not required, just show up and swab. Remember that not all facilities are open on weekends, and others such as mobile clinics may only operate on certain days. 

I chose the 4Cyte Pathology Clinic at 135 Macquarie Street. At least, that’s the address given on the NSW Health Department website; when I showed up, I found a notice that the actual swabbing takes place at 195 Macquarie Street (4th floor).

Redirection sign
4Cyte Macquarie Street swab location

At the correct address, I exited the elevator and joined a sullen queue of people about five deep. 

Queue for swab test

It took about 30 minutes to get to the front, after which I was asked for an Australian mobile number. I was told, in no uncertain terms, no local number, no swab. I clarified that this was a 4Cyte company policy, and that other swab providers may do it differently (so if you don’t intend to get an Australia number, email beforehand and ask). 

The local number is needed to send you an SMS with a link to the registration form. The form requests your:

  • First name
  • Last name
  • Mobile number
  • Date of birth
  • Gender
  • Reason for testing (select “patient has been overseas or on a cruise ship within the last 14 days”)

The throat and nose swab was cursory at best (I’ve had nose picking sessions that went deeper), and was done free of charge.

At no point was I asked for any sort of identity documents, and I could have called myself Swabby McSwabface for all they cared. My guess is the Australia Border Force doesn’t actively check that on-arrival swabs are done (more like if something happens and they investigate and find you didn’t do your swab, you’re screwed).

There is no need to self-isolate while waiting for the results, assuming you’re asymptomatic. My results came back within 12 hours. I imagine the Day 7 testing process will work much the same. 

For avoidance of doubt, you cannot use a free test as the pre-departure test for travel to Singapore. The free tests do not provide you with a certificate that bears your passport number/date of birth, which is needed for travel. 

Service NSW app

Service NSW app

I’ll talk about this more in a separate article on post-COVID life in Australia, but the other reason why a local number will come in handy is the Service NSW app (Android | iOS). This is a TraceTogether-style platform that enables checking into venues and displaying your vaccination certificate.

Check-in posters at Starbucks

The vaccination certificate functionality will not work for those vaccinated in Singapore (so you’ll need to rely on your Notarise certificate, which has worked fine for me so far), but the check-in feature works regardless. 

An Australian number is required to register for the Service NSW app. 


Compared to the Kafkaesque arrivals process in Seoul, things could not be more simple in Sydney. I was mentally prepared to spend hours in queues and document checking, but reality was nothing of the sort. 

That should be great news for those of you planning a getaway to Sydney. 

Aaron Wong
Aaron Wong
Aaron founded The Milelion to help people travel better for less and impress chiobu. He was 50% successful.

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Thanks for the detailed update! How soon do you get the results of the on-arrival test? Worried about this breaching the 24-hour requirement based on providers.


Wats that mean? Can I take that 24 hrs test in Sydney?

Go Go

Interesting re: ABTC and I would like to see what the response is. I tried to apply for an ETA (using the app) but was notified I don’t require the ETA since there’s an existing visa (didn’t specify details). I went ahead anyway to apply via ImmiAccount. Then I found out via ICA that my ABTC is approved, and someone from the Australian High Comm called me to tell me I already have an ABTC with a valid visa, and my application should be withdrawn. I asked if I would get stopped at Changi’s check-in since I don’t have an… Read more »

Go Go

Hmm odd indeed. Guess I should knock on some more doors to find out. I’ll come back here to share if I get any clarification


I have also emailed the Australian High Commission to enquire about the need for an ETA if I have a valid ABTC, and was told that there was no need for an ETA. The ABTC is linked to a visa grant number which is valid using the VEVO check.


Any recommendations on where to do the professionally administered ART test in Sydney (which can be used to satisfy SG requirement under the VTL)?


A little tickled that the ABF is still more strict on preventing vegetables than covid. ^_^ In true Aussie fashion.

SQ Flyer

This comment wins the evening.


The agricultural export industry is worth more than $60 billion per year to Australia. If a disease was to get in, overnight a whole industry could be shut down. It’s very serious and zero tolerance.
Meanwhile a COVID lockdown is only $100 million per day and they won’t lockdown any more anyway.


Does this mean that you will need 3 paid PCR test in total?
1 in sg before departing, 1 in Aussie before departing and 1 in sg upon arrival.


2 paid PCR + 1 ART. One PCR in SG pre departure, one ART in AU pre departure and one PCR in SG on arrival

Last edited 2 years ago by Freddie

Any recommendations on where to do the ART test in Sydney? Or able to do so at airport on day of departure (or too late)? Thanks


Sydney airport has a company doing ART with results in 30 minutes.


if my trip is 7 to 8 days long, do I need to do the Day 7 Covid swab as I will also be doing a pre-departure (paid) test?


I have the same question as you. However the rule says on or after Day 7.. so if I leave on Day 8, I would have to do PDT that day anyway and should satisfy this requirement..


Similar question, if I leave on Day 7 itself do I need to do the Day 7 Covid Swab?


The second PCR swab is now supposed to be done on day 6.

Looks like travellers need to keep checking regulations frequently for changes.


Seems like notarise is working in many places.


Further to the Australia Travel Declaration (ATD): as mentioned, the online version of this has to be completed at least 72 hours before the departure of your flight to Australia. if you log onto the website any later, eg 1-2 days before your flight, the calendar on the form which lets you select your date of arrival will not let you select your actual date of departure, only a date 1-2 days later. So if you’re tardy or disorganised and leave this a bit late, does that mean you can’t get an ATD and can’t come to Australia? Thankfully, no.… Read more »


Thanks Aaron for the post!
Will the Service NSW app still work if you don’t have an Au local number? I saw on your first post that you bought the ICC sim card instead of buying one at the airport. Did that work well?


NSW requires all international arrivals to self isolate at least 72 hours.

VTL to break?


Matches my experience. The people at the airport weren’t interested at all. No mention of any testing. Service NSW app is junk. I downloaded it onto my phone and just pointed it at the QR codes so it looked like I checked in but I didn’t go into any places that actually checked the entry pass. The biggest issue is getting the local COVID test without an Australian mobile number. Not going to happen. I used my friend’s number instead of buying a local SIM.


New announcement asks to self-isolate for 72 hours.
I am thinking what to do in below case.
My plane arrives at 21:30 and Sydney Airport PRC testing will be closed.
Then I will be asked to go directly to the hotel and isolate there for 72 hours.
If so, I won’t be able to do any tests within 24 hours.
Does anyone know the solution?



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