My overall reflections on the Germany-Singapore VTL

While VTL travel won't be for everyone, it's still the most realistic shot at overseas leisure travel this year.

One week ago, I flew home from Munich on the inaugural VTL flight, marking the start of quarantine-free travel between Singapore and Germany. Today, I finished my fourth and final COVID-19 PCR test, completing the post-arrival process for VTL travellers. 

You can read the full trip report below, in all its multi-part glory (the first trip report I’ve finished since 48 Hours in New York, back in February 2020!).

🍺 Bavarians at the Gate
🇸🇬 Singapore- Germany VTL 🇩🇪

To wrap up the series, I’d like to share a few thoughts about the overall VTL experience. 

This isn’t the big reopening we were hoping for

Don’t expect Changi Airport to suddenly burst back to life | Photo: Business Times

While the VTL is a step in the right direction, it’s far from the big reopening of travel we were hoping for. 

First, there’s the additional costs. The average VTL traveller can expect to pay at least S$460 for the four mandatory PCR tests he/she must do before and after arriving back in Singapore. 

⚕️ VTL Testing Regime
Location Remarks Price
🇩🇪 Germany 48h before departure
🇸🇬 Singapore On arrival  S$160
🇸🇬 Singapore Day 3  S$94.16
🇸🇬 Singapore Day 7  S$94.16
*1-2 hour “express” solutions are available, which account for the higher price.

Multiply this by a family of four, and that’s nearly S$2,000 tacked on to the cost of a holiday! It doesn’t help that the pricing can feel inequitable at times- why should a PCR test at Changi Airport cost S$160, when the Day 3 & 7 swabs at Raffles Medical cost just S$94?

But fine, we can argue that testing is simply the price of quarantine-free travel. Give me a choice between swabs and SHN, and I’d pick swabs every day of the week (not like SHN allows you to avoid them anyway).

A much bigger problem (and likely deal breaker for most people) is the ICA’s insistence that anyone with a positive COVID-19 test in the past 21 days cannot travel to Singapore.

⚠️ Update: From 7 October, this has been reduced to 14 days. Less bad, but still a dealbreaker for many

This means that if you get a positive pre-departure test in Germany, you’re stuck there for at least 21 more days, notwithstanding the fact you could be out of German self-isolation in as little as five!

It’s a puzzlement why ICA continues to insist on this 21-day rule, even if previously-infected individuals can subsequently present a negative PCR result. Moreover, studies suggest that vaccinated individuals clear their viral loads faster than unvaccinated ones, and if so, that’s all the more reason not to apply a blanket 21-day rule. I mean, I get the whole “abundance of caution” thing, but taken too far, that argument would have us rolling ourselves in bubble wrap, drawing the curtains and hiding under the blankets at home. 

So long as testing costs and the consequences of a positive overseas test (more administrative than anything else) remain onerous, the VTL won’t be a huge draw for leisure travellers. It’s no wonder the majority of passengers on my flights appeared to be businessmen. 

👨‍👩‍👦 VTL for families?
Another “problem” is that families with children under the age of 12 can’t take advantage of the VTL, but that’s just a natural consequence of the requirement that all travellers be vaccinated. In any case, children aged under 12 should be able to receive the COVID-19 vaccine starting early next year, so this issue will resolve itself eventually. 

Even in the opposite direction, it’s doubtful the VTL will be much of a boon for the beleaguered Singapore tourism industry. Singapore, for all its charms, just isn’t as attractive a destination as Spain, Italy, or any of the other places a German holidaymaker could visit without quarantine. Why would they come here when it’s so much more expensive, when they can’t hop to other beach destinations in the region, can’t enjoy any nightlife, and have to wear a mask all the time?

Germany is doing endemic COVID right

Outside life in Germany has pretty much returned to normal

As I wrote in this piece, it was so refreshing to see the way the Germans are tackling COVID. There are still restrictions, yes, but they mainly apply to indoor settings where the risk of transmission is elevated. In hotels, museums, shops and public transport, masks stay on. 

Step outside, however, and you couldn’t tell what year it was. In the plazas and on the streets, everyone’s maskless. There’s live music, roving tour groups, al fresco dining and farmer’s markets, with nary a face covering in sight. 

Of course it’s still up to the individual to take additional precautions- if you want to wear a mask in a crowded square, no one will look at you funny. But why should you have to wear it if you’re the only one walking down a quiet street, or in a park with plenty of personal space? And since we’re talking restrictions, why shouldn’t you be able to enjoy an adult beverage after 10.30 p.m? Is there really any harm in soft background music at restaurants? Why can’t we have self-serve buffets, with everyone wearing gloves and FFP2 masks? 

That’s not to say Germany is doing it perfectly. As a foreigner, I kept thinking of all the holes in their processes, like how they just accepted my vaccination certificate at face value, or how the PCR test centre didn’t so much as check my identity. But on the whole, my take is that Germany’s kept the restrictions that make sense, and tossed the ones which amount to hygiene theatre. 

At a federal level, Germany has also adopted clear and defined metrics for easing or tightening restrictions, based on hospitalisations instead of new cases. It’s as strong an indication as you’ll get that they see COVID as something to be managed, not eliminated. And interestingly enough, despite talk of a fourth wave Germany’s 7-day R-value has been falling since the start of September- it’s now at 0.87 (not that they’re out of the woods yet; things could get hairy if they don’t get enough people vaccinated by autumn).

Singapore Airlines is still a great way to fly

Singapore Airlines Business Class cabin from MUC to SIN

The VTL was my first opportunity to witness SIA’s cabin crew in action since March 2020. I’m happy to report that despite the truncated service routines and reduced opportunities for customer interaction, they still know how to make passengers feel welcome. 

On the outbound leg, the crew were still confined to single-tray service, but made up for it in their usual over-the-top way, keeping drinks filled, offering regular snacks, and even preparing a special care pack for me to bring around in Munich. On the return, course-by-course service was back, which helped give the Business Class experience some of its pre-COVID grandeur. 

Yes, it’s a pain to have to wear your mask to sleep, and the absence of physical menus, pre-flight magazines, and the inflight duty-free cart may cause some to pine for the good old days. But the crew do as well as they can under the circumstances, and that helps an awful lot.

The next major piece of the puzzle will be the reopening of the renovated SilverKris Lounges at Changi Airport. While the temporary facility gets the job done, it’s a far cry from the opulence that one expects from Singapore Airlines. 

ICA needs to step up their game

While I can appreciate that ICA has been facing an unprecedented workload over the past 18 months, they still need to do a much better job with their communication and turnaround times. 

A good example is the post-arrival testing process on Days 3 & 7. VTL travellers are supposed to receive emails from ICA with unique booking links according to the following timetable:

Time of Arrival Immigration Clearance (Day 1) Email notifications from Safe Travel Office (STO)
On dates of D3 & D7 tests and booking link for D3 test On date & booking link for D7 test
0000 – 0559 hrs ~1230 hrs on D1 ~0700 hrs on D6
0600 – 1159 hrs ~1830 hrs on D1
1200 – 1759 hrs ~0030 hrs on D2
1800 – 2359 hrs ~0630 hrs on D2

I cleared immigration around 8 a.m, so I should have received my booking link for the Day 3 test around 6.30 p.m on the evening of arrival. Nothing came, so I sent ICA a message asking what I should do.

Four days later, I received the following mail:

Dear Mr. Aaron Wong,

We refer to your email on the 09 September 2021.

2            We note that the event has probably been taken over by now. May we know if you still require any assistance with regards to the booking link.

Gee, thanks. 

But the more confusing thing was that later that day I received another email:

2              Welcome to Singapore! We are happy to receive you through the Vaccinated Travel Lane.

3              We understand that some travellers have experienced difficulties accessing their COVID-19 PCR test appointment booking links, and we are doing all that to resolve this.

4              During this time, please book your appointments for your post-arrival Day 3 and Day  7 COVID-19 PCR Tests by calling the Raffles Medical Group hotline for Vaccinated Lane Travellers at (+65) 6311 1160 instead. The list of designated clinics can be found at

5              We seek your understanding and wish you a pleasant stay in Singapore. Thank you!

6              Thank you.

This despite the fact I had already received a valid Day 3 booking link at 0700 on Day 2, and a valid Day 7 booking link at 0700 on Day 6. 

This is far from an isolated incident. While researching the VTL, I sent several queries to ICA regarding specific scenarios (e.g. the return process for someone who tests positive in Germany, the treatment of individuals who were vaccinated outside Singapore but subsequently got their vaccination recognised here). Every time, I received boilerplate responses that copied and pasted random chunks from the ICA website, without addressing the specific question at all. 

For a country where efficient bureaucracy is taken for granted, dealing with ICA has been a headache and a half. And this coming from someone who’s done his research and is more or less familiar with the rules- imagine how it’d be for someone else. 

Day 3 & 7 tests are fairly uneventful

Issues with booking links aside, my Day 3 and 7 tests were fairly uneventful. 

Swab centre at Holland V

I did the Day 3 test at the Holland V Raffles Medical branch. They’ve set up a swab centre on the roof under a tent. The whole process took about 10 minutes, with registration taking longer than the swab. I was asked repeatedly for a “VTL letter”, which to my knowledge does not exist. Eventually they figured out it wasn’t necessary. 

The swab was done at 10.40 a.m, and the results came back at 4.26 p.m. 

Swab centre at Shaw

It was similar story for the Day 7 test, which I did at Shaw Centre. The staff again asked for a “VTL letter”, I again told them no such thing existed, and they eventually accepted I was right. 

The swab was done at 12.15 p.m, and the result came back at 2.02 a.m- slightly longer than the previous test. 

I didn’t encounter any racism

Given the relative mildness of a COVID-19 infection for vaccinated individuals, the main concern I was hearing from people (apart from getting stranded in Germany for 21 days) was how Chinese-looking people would be treated. 

I can’t speak to all situations, but what I can say is that during my time in Germany I felt no different from any other tourist. Hospitality staff and storekeepers were polite, a group of German pensioners asked me to help them take a photo, two backpackers helped me out when they saw I was struggling with the ticket validation machine, and the rudest treatment I received came from an ill-advised visit to a luxury watch store (which was more on account of how slim my wallet looked, as opposed to the color of my skin). 

It doesn’t mean racist incidents don’t happen, but it does mean you’d be better off worrying about missing your train or whether everyone else is going to be naked in the sauna (they are).


Will more VTL destinations open up soon?

Despite all the hoops to jump through and potential pitfalls, VTL travel remains your most realistic shot at a holiday this year. I’m not saying it’s for everyone- in fact, it’s probably not. Many firms still have no-travel policies in place, getting stranded in Germany will be an expensive exercise (both financially and career-wise), and S$460 in tests per person is not to be sniffed at. 

But if you have the flexibility and means to go, award space to Germany is plentiful, commercial tickets remain reasonably priced, and some time out of Singapore could do wonders for your state of mind. 

Aaron Wong
Aaron Wong
Aaron founded The Milelion to help people travel better for less and impress chiobu. He was 50% successful.

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Hi Aaron, a good summary and pretty much the same as my experience, having landed back on last Friday’s flight from Frankfurt. The VTP letter is given to non-Singaporeans/PRs and is issued to pass holders as permission to enter on the VTL.
Hoping to repeat the adventure next month

Last edited 2 years ago by Steve

MOE allows teachers to go on overseas travel to lower risk regions now (including VTL). Other public servants are still restricted from overseas travel.


Great trip review – very handy to know what the VTL looks like in practice!

As an aside, thanks for fighting the good fight on behalf of those of us vaccinated overseas who have had our vaccinations recognised in Singapore. I too received the frustrating ICA boilerplate ​response – it’s mind-boggling I’m excluded from the VTL when I had the same vaccine as I’d have received in Singapore and had this verified through the serology test


Thanks Milelion. I’m in that exact same situation. We excitedly booked a VTL flight for late September, but after your posts and more boilerplate email from ICA, I’m no longer confident to turn up at FRA for the VTL, given the risk of being denied boarding the flight. We’ll just take the non-VTL flight back and do the 7-day SHN at home. For everyone else’s benefit, let’s hope ICA will clear this up soon.


I had the same issue, the response from ICA was a non-response. I’m vaccinated overseas and I’m trying to figure out how plan my trip back to SG and then to Europe. Unfortunately I’m on Sinopharm (WHO-approved), and not one of EMA’s approved vaccines. Please let me know how strict they are on the ground in restaurants an hotels? I intend to take one shot of Moderna because it seems like France is recognizing 2xSinopharm+1xModerna for their COVID certificate.. wonder if I could use that in Germany. All in all, so much confusion and disorganization around the world. Oh, and… Read more »


Scratched off my list.
And spot on. But until our MTF leaders have finally understood what endemic as a norm that they were preaching means, it’s pointless to tell government ministries & bodies like ICA to do so.
Our ministers are guided in their decision making by referencing other nations like Israel which currently only has 60%(!) with two doses.


They are eyeing the prime post thus being so conservative…Many European nations opening with less than 80% vax rate for age 12 and above now…


And after all four tests, you still need another serology test to be able to dine in? (I mean the tourists) That’s insane

Last edited 2 years ago by ZYX

The serology test is not needed anymore. Your vaxx status will be updated in the govt system at the airport when you show your vaxx cert, and this will be reflected in the TraceTogether app.


Greetings from Germany. I for myself will not visit Singapore again before it is complete open without test or mask mandates. I think its enough now. With everyone who wants is vaccinated it has to be over with all the restrictions.


Yes I too feel that the situation in Germany is enviable and makes far more sense. The political situation in Singapore seems to be suffering some dichotomy in leadership.


You’ve hit the nail on the head describing the approach to living with COVID. Granted Germany is not as dense, however this halfway measures that we have is frustrating, to say the least.

I immensely enjoyed your series regarding the VTL travel, and it was incredibly useful (like learning I didn’t have to do a pre-departure swab to Germany), and thank you for the writeups.


The question is when. After 10th booster shot? Or the whole world is 200% vaxxed? We lack this vision!

Never Mind

Thanks for sharing, just one minor point: the 21-day rule might not come from ICA, maybe CAAS who creates all policy related to travel post-Covid?


21-days-rule is out dated, and against the interests of Singaporean residents who catch Covid while traveling either for education, work, or leisure (visiting relatives). Government has the duty-of-care to allow citizens/PR’s and their dependents to return home (Singapore) for medical treatment – in this case, on their own expenses ! Scientifically, there is no need to require 21 days embargo from flight(s).


How did you manage to avoid covid in Germany? n95?


I live in Germany, and since March 2020 I know only one person who had covid and she got it at work cause she war working in a school for prisoners… and she had nothing, just a bit sneefing. So I can’t understand why everyone is so afraid.. the whole world got pycho. look at sweeden, they never had masks the where free all the time and are doing well.

SQ Flyer

Population density and lots of low-rise outdoor spaces might have something to do with it.

Stop spreading misinformation

Singapore isn’t a dense city.


Most Swedes live quite densely in the three biggest cities, the countryside is barely populated. Not as dense as Singapore, but as dense as an average European city dweller.
What could play a role is that the Swedes are a healthy people with low obesity rates.


The word avoid is already wrong for an endemic situation. When was the last time you asked, “How do you avoid flu? n95?” or “How do you avoid chickenpox?”


For testing positive in Singapore, home recovery scheme is only 10 days. And you could even potentially be discharged on day 6. After recovery and negative PCR you can be out and about, so yes the 21 days definition is ridiculously outdated in comparison


discharge on day 7 after PCR test on day 6


It’s very rich for a Chinese Singaporean to have a special section about racist treatment, perhaps a trip to Tuas might give this author pause on his judgements and some very needed self reflection


If you’re saying someone can’t talk about racism because of the color of his skin… congrats, you’re racist!

SQ Flyer

It is entirely valid to consider the prevailing sentiment against people of East Asian origin in a potential travel destination on a travel blog. Get off your high horse.


Sure you can consider what you think is the “prevailing sentiment against people of East Asian origin”. There are no negative sentiments against East Asians in Germany, let me assure you that. So your positive experience is not a surprise.
Source: I am a German married to a Chinese.


lel you are so wong about this.


Hi Aaron, thanks for doing an extensive post on this. Very useful information and I enjoyed your MoneyFM interview this morning as well.


Great to read your posts – very informative. Got back on the VTL on Monday. One thing to point out – be careful which raffles medical you choose for your day 3 and 7 PCR. Just did mine at a certain location – small and indoors – there were quite a few symptomatic community patients getting PCRs as well. Healthcare professional informed me they have been ‘confirming a lot’ of cases in that branch. Will be moving my day 7 to the outdoor Holland V one you’ve highlighted!


Cmon you can’t say so much without sharing this unlucky location?


Not interested in exposing myself to a lawsuit. Just do your research and be careful where you book.


If you’re stating facts there’s no lawsuit. Unless you’re telling half truths..


Any cards out there with Discover status?


Thanks Aaron for the write-up, very informative!

May I know what time was your Day 7 PCR test at Shaw, and how long did you have to wait for your turn?

Ian End

Hilarious that you would worry about how “Chinese looking” people would get treated in Europe. Unlike in Singapore we are not institutionally and casually racist, unlike the majority of Singaporeans I have to interact with on a daily basis, including my neighbours on three sides.

For someone with so many frequent flyer miles you seem to know astonishingly little about the world – like most Singaporeans.


So all the anti-Asian attacks (reported by BBC, CNN etc) in Europe are fake news then? Sounds like you are one who needs to get out more.

Troll teh forumz

Looks like Ian end has finished his rounds on EDMW and has come to mile lion again.


As a Chinese Singaporean who lives and works in Germany, I’m afraid I have to agree. When you live in Singapore you just don’t realise it, but Singaporeans are indeed extremely racist. Just think of the times when you immediately asked a new colleague where he came from because his accent sounded slightly unfamiliar. And then made some snap judgement based on his answer. That just doesn’t happen here in Europe, people look at you as a human first and what your personality are actions are like, rather than immediately wanting to know your background.


As a Chinese Singaporean who has lived and worked in 5 different countries,

you can’t paint everyone with the same brush just based on your own personal experience.


Thanks for your write-up.
Quick questions:
If you test positive for COVID in Germany, would you still be able to book yourself into a hotel to meet the 21 days requirement? Or would you need to stay in a hospital?
Also, for non-vaccinated under 12s, are they allowed to dine-in and visit indoor attractions in Germany?


After arriving at changi airport, is the taxi going home/hotel a special trip or just an ordinary one?